A Dataset on Digital Trade Provisions

The TAPED (Trade Agreements Provisions on Electronic-commerce and Data) dataset seeks to comprehensively trace developments in the area of digital trade governance. The dataset includes a detailed mapping and coding of all preferential trade agreements (PTAs) that cover chapters, provisions, annexes and side documents that directly or indirectly regulate digital trade.

TAPED covers more than 350 PTAs concluded since 2000. A total of 105+ different items were coded, including provisions on digital trade, intellectual property, key services sectors, government procurement, trade in goods, as well as general and specific exceptions. The codebook made available below explains in detail the questions behind the coding points.

We trust that the dataset can be useful for researchers in different areas, such as law, economics or political science, as well as for governments, international and non-governmental organization officials, who may use it as a tool for evidence-based policy-making but also for normative analyses of how things should be, so as to ensure that data innovation is fostered but at the same time certain fundamental values, such as privacy protection, are adequately safeguarded.

We view the TAPED dataset as a continued effort and make it available to all to use and further develop under the creative commons (attribution, non-commercial, share-alike) license. We would be honoured to link to further research and publications that make use of TAPED.



Codebook (2022/06/22)

TAPED Dataset (2022/06/22)


Codebook (2022/01/25)

TAPED Dataset (2022/01/25)

Codebook (2020/06/08)

TAPED Dataset (2021/07/13)


For further questions (incl. of previous versions of the dataset) please contact:

María Vásquez Callo-Müller

T+41 41 229 54 52
Frohburgstrasse 3, 6002 Lucerne

Creative Commons International License

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/.