This interdisciplinary project aims at analyzing the legal and economic aspects of handling water as a scarce resource. The interdisciplinary approach of this project is based on the recognition that sustainability cannot be achieved within one discipline alone. This, in particular, applies to legal scholarship, which is dependent on neighboring disciplines. The research project is institutionally anchored in the Center for Law and Sustainability (CLS) at the University of Lucerne and will be accompanied by a regular exchange with other project partners and stakeholders from civil society. In order to capture the issue’s entire range, the project partners and the representatives of various interest groups were invited to an initial workshop in autumn 2013. The aim of this workshop was to discuss the current problems in practice and scholarship and to reassess potential conflicts of interest. The findings thereby obtained serve to elaborate on the research questions.